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Nature:一种组蛋白伴侣的结构

来源:Nature 2013-07-06 08:18

组蛋白伴侣FACT识别组蛋白H2A 和 H2B,在转录、复制和DNA修复过程中有重要作用。Andreas Ladurner及其同事描述了FACT的Spt16M伴侣区域与H2A-H2B二聚物之间所形成的复合物的晶体结构以及FACT的“异二聚”区域的结构。Spt16M与组蛋白发生多种相互作用,同时似乎也阻断H2B与DNA的相互作用,这有可能解释FACT何以能使核小体失去稳定性。(生物谷Bioon.com)

生物谷推荐英文摘要:

Nature  doi:10.1038/nature12242

Structural basis of histone H2A–H2B recognition by the essential chaperone FACT

Maria Hondele,Tobias Stuwe, Markus HasslerFelix Halbac,Andrew Bowmn,Elisa T. Zhng,Bianca Nijmejer,Christiane Kothoff,VladimirRybin Stefan Amacher, Ed Hurt & Andreas G. Ladurner

Facilitates chromatin transcription (FACT) is a conserved histone chaperone that reorganizes nucleosomes and ensures chromatin integrity during DNA transcription, replication and repair. Key to the broad functions of FACT is its recognition of histones H2A–H2B (ref. 2). However, the structural basis for how histones H2A–H2B are recognized and how this integrates with the other functions of FACT, including the recognition of histones H3–H4 and other nuclear factors, is unknown. Here we reveal the crystal structure of the evolutionarily conserved FACT chaperone domain Spt16M from Chaetomium thermophilum, in complex with the H2A–H2B heterodimer. A novel ‘U-turn’ motif scaffolded onto a Rtt106-like module embraces the α1 helix of H2B. Biochemical and in vivo assays validate the structure and dissect the contribution of histone tails and H3–H4 towards Spt16M binding. Furthermore, we report the structure of the FACT heterodimerization domain that connects FACT to replicative polymerases. Our results show that Spt16M makes several interactions with histones, which we suggest allow the module to invade the nucleosome gradually and block the strongest interaction of H2B with DNA. FACT would thus enhance ‘nucleosome breathing’ by re-organizing the first 30 base pairs of nucleosomal histone–DNA contacts. Our snapshot of the engagement of the chaperone with H2A–H2B and the structures of all globular FACT domains enable the high-resolution analysis of the vital chaperoning functions of FACT, shedding light on how the complex promotes the activity of enzymes that require nucleosome reorganization.

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